taekwondo Zeas Piraeus
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ZEAS TaeKwon Do Athletic Club Piraeus :: Recognised by the Greek Secreteriat of Sport

The History of TaekwonDo


TaeKwon Do is the most popular Korean Martial Art. It is the most widespread of the martial arts

... more


The principles of TaeKwon Do

The most basic principle of TaeKwon Dois discipline and the concentration, this helps the person perform well physically, and this is why it is constantly practiced in training for this sport ...more


The Belts & Tuls for TaeKwon Do

In Tae Kwon Do, as with other martial arts, there is a hierarchy of belts, that show the technical level and experience of the athlete ...more


TaeΚwonDo Rules

The rules for the International TaeKwon-Do Federation are:
Attacks with the hands and feet are allowed to the head
1 point for: punch or kick to the body ...more

The Principles of TaeKwon Do

The most basic principle of TaeKwon Dois discipline and the concentration, this helps the person perform well physically, and this is why it is constantly practiced in training for this spor.

In TaeKwon Do you are taught in the use of hands in battle, as both a form of defense and a form of attack, but as a martial art the emphasis is on the use of kicks.

The principles of TaeKwon Do, as they were recorded by the founder of the sport General CHOI HONG HI in the encyclopedia of TaeKwon Do that he himself wrote, are:

The success of failure of a TaeKwon Do trainer depends mainly on whether he or she is able to enforce the principles of TaeKwon Do, that should work as a guide for all of the serious students of this martial art.

courtesy (Ye Ui)

It can be said that courtesy is the unwritten rule that we have inherited from ancient philosophers as a form of enlightening the human race and keeping social harmony at the same time.

integrity(Yom Chi)

In TaeKwon Do the meaning of the word integrity is more relaxed than the general terminology you would find in a dictionary. Everyone must be able to separate right from wrong and be conscious of the fact that should you err you will feel guilt..

perseverance(In Nae)

For certain, both success and prosperity shall come to a patient person. In order to succeed at something, that being a higher degree or the perfection of an art, we need to set a goal and continually strive to that goal.

self-control (Guk Gi)

This principle is extremely important, regarding both how you act either during a friendly match or in your personal matters. The loss of self-control in a friendly match can be catastrophic  both for the student and for their opponent. In accordance with Lao-Chou “the term ‘the strongest’ is in regard more to someone who can beat themselves more so that winning over someone else”

indomitable spirit (Baekjul Boolgool)

A serious TaeKwon Do student acts at all times with humility and honesty. Whenever he is faced with injustice, facing the warlike without fear and hesitation, with indomitable spirit, regardless of his opponent or how many there are.

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The Belts and Tuls of TaeKwon Do





10th Gup
White Belt >

9th Gup
Half Yellow Belt>
8th Gup
Yellow Belt >
7th Gup
Half Green Belt >
6th Gup
Green Belt >
5th Gup
Half Blue Belt >
4th Gup
Blue Belt >
3rd Gup
Half Red Belt >
2nd Gup
Red Belt >
1st Gup
Half Black Belt >
1st Dan
Black Belt >

What are the Tuls?

The forms are made up of different fundamental moves that reenact attack and defense techniques in a logical order.

The student faces imaginary opponents using every available method of attack and defense in various directions. Thus the patterns make the student capable of assimilating the basic movements, to improve his or her flexibility and agility, to develop muscles and respiratory control and to execute soft and rhythmical movements.

In a few words each pattern or form in comparison with military techniques and training of a soldier it is like the need of the alphabet to learn words. It is simultaneously a practicing of the techniques, a test of strength and characteristically beautiful.

The execution of the patterns (TUL) should consider the following:

In TAEKWON-DO there is a total of 24 patterns known as TUL.

There are 24 because:

A man’s life is approximately 100 years, which seems like just one day when you compare it to eternity. For that reason we are nothing more than simple travelers that pass through the years of a century in one day.

It is obvious that noone can live beyond a certain amount of time. Despite this most people are enslaved to materialism and live like we have 2,000 years of life. There are others though that fight for a truly spiritual heritage for the next generations and thus live on as an immortal . The spirit can carry on material things cannot. Therefore, what we leave behind us for the prosperity of mankind is the most important thing in life.

Η πνευματική κληρονομία του στρατηγού Τσόι Χονγκ Χι είναι το TAEKWON-DO.

Τα 24 TUL αντιπροσωπεύουν 24 ώρες, μια ημέρα, ή μια ολόκληρη ζωή


White Belt :: 10th Gup
Symbolizing the innocence as the beginner students has no prior knowledge of Taekwon-Do

Tuls: Saju Jirugi - Saju Makgi


Saju Jirugi
Saju Magki


Half Yellow Belt :: 9th Gup

Tul: Chon-Ji { 19 Movements }

Chon-Ji literally means “heaven and earth”. The East symbolizes the creation of the earth and the beginning of human history. Chon-Ji is also the name of a lake of paradise, that is in the crater of the Paektu Mountain. It is said that it was the first place the Korean enlightener Dan-Gun.


Chon Ji

Yellow Belt:: 8th Gup
Symbolizes the earth from which greenery grows and the point at which the principles on which TaeKwon Do is based.

Tul: Dan-Gun { 21 Movements }

Named after the saint Dan Gun the legendary enlightener of Korea, μυθικό διαφωτιστή της Κορέας, who founded the mythical Korea 2333bc. It is the only TUL that has punches high up on the head symbolising Dan-Gun's ascent to the mountain.


Dan Gun

Half Green Belt :: 7th Gup

Tul: Do-San { 24 Movements }

Do-San is the pseudonym of Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements of the Tul symbolizes his entire life that was dedicated to the education of Korea and independence in life


Do San

Green Belt :: 6th Gup
Symbolizing the growth of the plant whereby in Taekwon Do the growth of the skills of the student begin here.

Tul: Won-Hyo { 28 Movements }

Named after the Korean monk Won Hyo who brought Buddism to the Silla Dynasty in Korea in 686 ad.


won hyo

Half Blue Belt :: 5th Gup

Tul: Yul-Gok { 38 Movements }

Yul-Gok was the pseudonym of the great philosopher and student Yi I (1536-1584), whose nickname was the “Confucius of Korea”. The 38 movements of the pattern refer to the geographical width of the place he came from and the diagram pretends to be a “student”


yul gok

Blue Belt :: 4th Gup
Symbolizing the sky towards which the plant is growing and becoming a tree as the practice of TaeKwon Do is maturing.

Tul: Joong-Gun { 32 Movements }

Joong-Gun is named for the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun, who murdered Hiro-Bumi I the first Japanese governer-general of Korea. There are 32 movements in this pattern that represent the age that he was Ahn Joong-Gun in Lui-Shung prison.


joong gun

Half Red Belt :: 3rd Gup

Tul: Toi-Gye { 37 Movements }

Toi-Gye is the pseudonym of the 16th century noted teacher Yi Hwang. The 37 movement of the pattern symbolize the geographical width of his birthplace


toi gye

Red Belt :: 2nd Gup
Symbolizes the danger and reminds the students that they must have self-control and must warn his opponent.

Tul: Hwa-Rang { 29 Movements }

Was named for the Hwa Rang, a young group that the sayings say was the driving force behind the unification of the three kingdoms of Korea (Silla, Baek Je, Koguryo). The 29 movements of the pattern represent the 29th infantry unit of the Hwa Rang


hwa rang

Half Black Belt:: 1st Gup

Tul: Choong-Moo { 30 Movements }

Choong-Moo, named after the great admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee Dynasty. It is rumoured that he was the inventor of the first warship (Kobukson) in 1592


choong moo

Black Belt :: 1st Dan
The opposite of white, and thus symbolizing the maturity and advanced knowledge of Tae Kwon Do. Symbolizing also the bravery and courage of him that wears it.

Tul: Kwang-Gae { 39 Movements }

Kwang-Gae, is named after Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, 19ο king dynasty Koguryo who regained all the lost territories, including a large part of the regions of Manchuria


kwang gae

Tul: Po-Eun { 36 Movements }

Pseudonym of the famous Korean poet Chong Mong-Chu, Whose poems wear famous throughout all of Korea. He said “I prefer to be crucified 100 times that to serve a second master”.


po eun

Tul: Ge-Baek { 44 Movements }

Named after the Korean general Ge Baek, of the Baek- Je dynasty, who was known for his knowledge and his austerity and the precision to the military laws.


ge baek
  2nd Dan

Tul: Eui-Am (45 Movements)

The pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean Independence movement on 1st May 1919. The 45 movements refer to the age at which he changed his name, (eastern culture) Dong Hak, to Chondo Kyo, (religion of the heavenly way), in 1905. The pattern shows his indomitable spirit, the pursuit of prosperity for the nation and the dedication of the therein.


eui am

Tul: Choong-Jang (52 Movements)

The pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang, who lived during the Yi dynasty, in the 14th century. This tul, finishes with the left hand symbolizing his tragic death at 27 years old in prison before reaching full maturity.

choong jang

Tul: Juche (45 Movements)/Ko-Dang (39 Movements)

Is a philosophical idea, that this man, is the lord of everything and decides everything. In short, this man has the idea to rule the world and his own fate. They say this idea came from the Baekdu mountains, that symbolizes the spirit of the people of Korea. The pattern represents the Baekdu mountain.



3rd Dan

Tul: Sam-Il (33 Movements)

Demonstrates the historical date on which the Korean Independence Movement began countrywide on 1st March 1919. The 33 movements of the Tul are dedicated to the 33 patriots that planned the movement.


sam il

Tul: Yoo-Sin (68 Movements)

Named after General Kim Yoo-Sin, who was the most impressive general during the Silla dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two digits of 668ad the date of the union of Korea. The position of readiness refers to the sword that is drawn from the right to the left side. It also symbolizing the mistake of Yoo Sin in following the orders of the king and fighting the foreign forces against his country.


yoo sin

Tul: Choi-Yong (46 Movements)

Named after general Choi Yong, prime minister and army commander, during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was a very respected for his faith, his patriotism and his humility. He was executed by slowly soldiers of General Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first king of the Yi dynasty


choi yong

4th Dan

Tul: Yong-Gae (49 Movements)

Is named after the famous general Yon Gae Somoun, who served during the Koguryo dynasty. The 49 movements refer to the last two digits of 649 ad. Hastily forcing the Tang Dynasty to leave Korea. After he destroyed more than 300.000 of the horsemen of Ansi Sung.


yong gae

Tul: Ul-Ji (42 Movements)

Named after general Ul Ji Moon Dok, who successfully defended Korea during the invasion of theTang and led one million soldiers together with Yang Je in 612 ad. Ul Jihandled strikes and guerrilla tactics and deserving destroyed a large piece of their forces. The pattern represents his surname and the 42 movements represents the age at which the writer wrote and planned the template.


ul ji

Tul: Moon-Moo (61 Movements)

Was named in honour of the 30th king of the Silla dynasty. His body is buried near the Boyno Dae Wang Am mountain. In accordance with his wishes his body is buried facing the sea “here his soul will always protect his country from the Japanese”. It is said that a holy stone (Sok Gul Am) has been placed there to protect his grave. This stone is a perfect example of the Silla culture. The 61 movements symbolize the last two digits of the Moon Moo, who is 661 ad ascended to the throne.



moon moo

5th Dan

Tul: So-San (72 Movements)

The pseudonym of the monk Choi Hyong Ung (1520-1604) who lived during the Yi dynasty. The 72 movements symbolize his age at which he organized, alongside his student Sa Myunh Dang, an army of monk soldiers that helped defeat the Japanese pirates that had taken most the Korean peninsula in 1592.


so san

Tul: Se-Jong (24 Movements)

Was named after the great Korean king, who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443 and who was also a famous meteorologist. The pattern represents the king and the 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet.


se jong

6th Dan

Tul: Tong-Il (56 Movements)

Shows the decisions to unite Korea, which was divided from 1945. The pattern represents the unification of the nations.

tong il

The new belt is obtained after exams in which the student must demonstrate the techniques against imaginery opponents (tul), in the presence of the teacher and other examiners. Whilst the students is beneath the black belt he or she is on the level of Gups. At the white belt he or she has 10 gups. Each time he or she changes belts the gup lessens by one untilt here is just one gup at the half black belt. Once they have taken the black belt they have a Dan. Continuing on he or she can take exams with the national Tae Kwon Do federation for their country in order to get more dans. The maximum Dan number is 9.

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The Rules of TaeΚwonDo

The main TaeKwon Do characteristics are impressive kicks both high & low (up to the level of the belt, the stomach but no lower)

During the match, you are not allowed to hit below the belt, on the back or any punches to the face (for WTF), or handles, closures, pushing, turning your back, voluntary falling  ...

Both opponents wear helmets, bodyguards, jockstrap (to protect the genitals), shin guards, gloves and they compete for 3 rounds of 3 minutes

In accordance with the stikes they are awarded points, 1 for a hit to the chest, 3 for a hit to the head. Since 2006 the rules also suggest points for blocking the opponents strikes, fouls result in the loss of points.

The match is overseen closely by the referee and from slightly further back by judges

At the end of the match the winner is the athlete that has the most points



Stelios Livanios has been a recognised TKD Instructor since 1999 and Holder of 6 DAN-TKD

Hatzikiriakeio Avenue 61, PIRAEUS

tel: 210 4291500 mobile: 6932 260475
email: info@aszeas.gr

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